As the supply chain moves from a linear path to a dynamic network, many manufacturers view supply chain as a critical component of Industry 4.0, Pete Guarraia, partner and leader of the global supply chain practice at Bain & Company, told Supply Chain Dive. Manufacturers consider partners on the supply and distribution end not only in terms of performance but in competitive advantages they can help achieve.
“They organize for success and then they look at logistics,” Guarraia said. “They look at how they can use technology to close performance gaps in the supply chain.”
Some manufacturers are seeking customization as their competitive advantage while others are aiming for speed. The “Amazon effect” is creating ripple effects throughout the entire industry and setting new expectations for the future of supply chain managers, Guarraia said.
In many parts of the retail and B2C space, consumers can now order custom-made products with their smartphone then track progress from raw materials to work in progress to finished goods and in delivery. “We know you’re not going to order a skid-steer loader on your smart phone but there’s a whole generation of supply chain executives that are being raised with the Amazon expectations at the top of their mind, and they want infinite flexibility,” Guarraia said.
Many manufacturers are also looking to 3D printing to enable more last-minute and customized production, Vivek Soneja, Global Head SCM Line of Business at Anaplan, told Supply Chain Dive.
HP is already using its own 3D printing technology to build its own parts, and Boeing is set to use 3D-printed titanium components on its new 787 Dreamliner planes. Some smaller manufacturers are moving to production solely through 3D printing while others are using it in packaging to offer last-minute flexibility.
“[3D printing] gives the supply chain and logistics commercial model flexibility … It completely changes how you think about the logistical distribution of a product,” Soneja said.